As I was writing Part 2 – 4 of my series, “Why Yeshua Had To Die: A Hebraic Perspective,” I could not help but feeling that I really needed to re-study the Book of Hosea with a different mind-set. I kept finding prophetic gems in the book, on which I wanted to go deeper in understanding. Before I received the revelation that the modern Christians were the descendants of the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel and that Yeshua came and died just for us, I had not realized that the story of Hosea was so focused on “our” story: The Lost Sheep for whom only the Messiah came.
Finally, I was recently granted the chance to do so.
I sat down in my couch with my old NKJV on my lap, and a cup of coffee on the table, and started reading the Prophet Hosea, as I always do. But, for some reason, I could not get passed Chapter 1. I was so taken by the fact that the entire story, from the beginning to the end, was so neatly packed in just one chapter of the Book of Hosea. Over and over, I went over the chapter, and my spirit was so filled and overflowing with the appreciation for our Father’s love for us, and with an “awe” of His unsearchable wisdom and faithfulness.
Although my writing ability may be far from adequate to express the awesome spiritual experience I had, It is my hope and prayer that I will be able to share some of the same experience with my readers through this article, and impart this blessed revelation to those who seek the truth.
Note: If you have stumbled upon this article looking for a good scriptural discussion on the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel, I strongly recommend that you also read my eBook in making, “Why Yeshua had To Die: A Hebraic Perspective.” Especially, Part 2 to 4, where the Lost Sheep is discussed in detail from history to the Gospel. You will be blessed.
The chapter we are studying is a very short one that has only 11 verses in it. As a preparation, I recommend that you read it through quickly in your Bible, refreshing your memory. For your convenience, here is also a link to the chapter: Hosea Chapter 1.
- Commentary on Verses 1 to 9
- Summary of Verses 1 to 9
Verses 1 to 9
If you are my regular reader, you know my method. I love to start with word study. For this project, however, I will combine the word study and commentary, and discuss verse-by-verse, so that it will be easier to follow the story line.
Hosea 1:1 NKJV – The word of the LORD that came to Hosea the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
Please open up the diagram of the History of Israel and Divided Kingdom in a new tab or window for a reference.
Verse (Vs.) 1 gives us the introduction of the Prophet, Hosea, the author of the book, and the time orientation, which was probably during the reign of Jeroboam II (794-753 BC), king of Israel, the Northern Kingdom. Four kings of Judah, the Southern Kingdom, are mentioned. The combined time of their reigns spans approximately from 790 to 686 BC. But, the span of Hosea’s ministry was said to be from 755 to 715 BC, ending in the beginning of the reign of king* Hezekiah of Judah, according to Ryrie’s Study Bible. Considering the fact that the Northern Kingdom was sieged and destroyed by 722 BC, the Word of YHVH must have come some years before that. It is also supported by his mentioning of the house of Jehu in Vs. 4, implying that it was during the reign of Jeroboam II, who was the 4th generation from Jehu. In the diagram, the kings of Israel who are not connected by a dotted line are not father and son. The throne was often taken by a revolt, and the 4 generations of the house of Jehu was the longest in the Kingdom of Israel. It was because YHVH promised Jehu, in 2 Kings 10:30, to continue his house as the king of Israel for the reward for his job well done in the judgment of Ahab and Jezebel.
(* I intentionally use a lower case “k” for kings, reserving “K” for the one and only true King, our Messiah Yeshua.)
So, the Word of YHVH came to Hosea some time around 755 to 753 BC, during the reign of king Jeroboam II, according to our best estimate.
Now, “Hosea” or “Hoshea,” הוֹשֵׁעַ <H1954> means “salvation” in Hebrew. The vowel symbols indicate the letter “שׁ” should sound “sh” than “s.” It’s root word is יָשַׁע “yasha” <H3467>, means “to save,” “be saved,” or “be delivered,” which is also very close to the Aramaic spelling of our Lord’s name יֵשׁוּעַ “Yeshua.” Joshua, as in the Book of Joshua, is “Yehoshua”, יְהוֹשׁוּעַ <H3091>, in Hebrew, and it was changed from “Hoshea” by Moses in Numbers 13:16, just before Joshua was sent out as one of the 12 spies. How it was changed is that the “yod” from the Hebrew spelling of YHVH (“yod-hey-vav-hey“) was added to Hoshea, changing the meaning from “salvation” to “God saves.” The letter “J” is from the sound “Y” in Hebrew, so “Joshua” is “Yoshua,” and according to the vowel symbol under “yod,” which is shva (:), it should be pronounced “ye,” instead of “yo.” Now, we have “Yeshua” or “Yehoshua,” the name of our Lord.
Why the same Hebrew spelling is transliterated as “Hoshea” in one place, and “Hosea” in another? The answer for that question cannot go beyond the realm of speculation at this point. But, a similar issue has been one of the factors in the disconnection of the Old testament and the New Testament in terms of our Hebrew roots. “Yehoshua” certainly is the Hebrew name of our Messiah, and “Jesus” does not sound very close to it. “Jesus” does not mean “God saves” as the original Hebrew does in any way you look at the Greek word, or the English transliteration either (a brief section in Introduction discusses on this issue a bit further). Nonetheless, shortening of the names, such as “Yehoshua” to “Ye’shua” is often done in the Scripture, such as Jehoiachin (2 Ki 24:6) – Jeconiah (1 Ch 3:16) – Coniah (Jer 22:24) being the same king of Judah. I am certain that there are prophetic meanings in the changes of the Hebrew spelling, but I have not done the home work to discuss that topic, yet.
And, lastly, I would also like to remind you that the last king of the Northern Kingdom was also named “Hosea,” Salvation.
I am confident that we can clearly see, so far, that the name “Hosea” alludes, and is connected by the root word, to the name of Yeshua our Messiah. But, there is more: Not only by the name, but also by his actual life, Hosea plays an important prophetic role as a type of the Saviour, our Messiah Yeshua.
And, this fact is also reinforced by the phrase, “son of Beeri” (pronounced “be-eri,” not as the English word, “beer,” but “be” as in “bed” and “eri” as in “Eric”). The name of Hosea’s father, “Beeri,” בְּאֵרִי, <H882>, also by BDB (Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon), means “my well.” There are many titles of the Messiah, such as the “Son of God,” “Son of Man,” “Branch,” “Rock,” and “Prince of Peace,” etc., and, the “Fountain of Living Water” (Jer 2:13; 17:13; Jn 4:11, 14; 7:38) is also among them. In John Chapter 4, where He meets the Samaritan woman by the Jacob’s Well, as I discussed in Part 3, and that is also where the Messiah offered His “Living Water” to the Samaritan woman, revealing His Messiahship at the same time. This is an unmistakable connection between the name, “Beeri,” and the Source of the “Living Water,” Yeshua our Messiah. In addition, in Hebrew, “son of —,“ could also be understood as the surname describing the “son,” so “son of Beeri” also means “Son, who is my well.”
Hosea (salvation) is clearly a type of the Messiah (Savior), who is the unquenchable “Well of the Living Water.” Therefore, when you see the name, “Hosea,” please know that he is prophetically representing “Yeshua” our Messiah.
Hosea 1:2 – When the LORD began to speak by Hosea, the LORD said to Hosea: “Go, take yourself a wife of harlotry And children of harlotry, For the land has committed great harlotry By departing from the LORD.”
YHVH is commanding Hosea to go take a harlot wife, even children of the harlot wife. Why? The story will unfold as we advance with reading, but here, the prophecy is setting up for the next phase, telling us the historical background. We have learned Hosea represents our Messiah, and this harlot wife is representing all Israel before Mount Sinai. I believe “children of harlotry” means the future descendants of the Twelve Tribes. And remember? Yeshua married all Israel, while they were still worshiping Egyptian god, Osiris, which is just another name for Satan, He married them on Mount Sinai. Our Father, and the Father of Yeshua, commanded His Son before the foundation of earth to go marry Children of Israel, who were worshiping a sun god, Satan. This is what this verse represents. And now in this verse, YHVH commanded Hosea to go marry a harlot, reenacting this fact.
Further confirming the prophetic patten, I would like to show you that it was also played out in the life of Adam and Eve. Adam was the type of Messiah, and Eve all Israel (12 tribes), and Eve sinned (Gen 3:6), probably by having a sexual encounter with the feathered serpent, Satan, committing harlotry. It was likely to have been before Adam and Eve were officially married, which makes her act a harlotry, but Adam married her anyway (Gen 4:1). He married a harlot, just as the Messiah married a Satan-worshipping harlot, Children of Israel. What Adam did represents what our Messiah would do 4000 years later. I hope you see the clear pattern in this, which is the same pattern Vs. 2 is reenacting in the life of Hosea, who also went out and married a harlot, Gomer. And, as you will soon see, Gomer represents Children of Israel, just as Eve does.
Some are offended by the notion that Eve committed a sexual sin with Satan. But, when you see this parallelism, it leaves no room for spinning the argument out of it. I am currently working on the project to clearly show Eve’s prophetic role for the Children of Israel in the Bible. However, for those who have received the revelation, this is more than enough evidence to establish the truth. YHVH is not shy about describing sexual behavior of man as it is, good or bad, but we are the ones who are in denial.
In the Bible, “harlotry” means idolatry, and it is the same offense as fornication and adultery. Basically, it means having sexual relation before or outside the marriage. It is not just because it is the way YHVH sees and defines it, but there is a good reason the idolatry is called “harlotry.” The satanic worship, both in ancient and modern times, invariably involves sexual orgies or sexual abuse of some kind in rituals. Satanism is a fertility, sexuality, and genitalia worshiping occult in the core, as evidenced by sexual motif of the symbolism, such as all those obelisks you see erected all over the world, symbolizing the phallus of Baal (Nimrod), and the mandorla (Vesica Piscis), symbolizing the genitalia of his wife Ashtoreth (Semiramis).
Yes, Vatican and Washington DC were built from the foundation according to the Satanic symbolism.
But, you do not have to be participating in the orgies and sexual ritual abuse to be called a harlot. Idolatry is idolatry. Worshiping other gods than your God and Husband is adultery. If you worship any of the sun god’s phallic symbols, such as the christmas tree and church steeples, and display ichthus symbol, a mandorla, on your vehicle, you are committing a harlotry.
I will discuss more on this topic in Chapter 2 of Part 6.
So, then, who did Hosea find as his wife?
Hosea 1:3 – So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son.
Without asking any question, Hosea obeyed His God YHVH, just as Yeshua probably did. And he took Gomer, a harlot, a sexually promiscuous woman, just as pre-incarnate Yeshua married the Israelites, who were worshiping an Egyptian sun god.
Now, the name of Hosea’s new wife is Gomer גֹּמֶר <H1586> (pronounced “go-m.er,” “er” as in “Eric,” not as “summer“) means “complete.” Well, it is a kind of an unfit name for a harlot, is it not? But, it will make sense later . . . a perfect sense.
And, her father’s name Diblaim דּבְלַיִם <H1690 > means “two fig cakes.” Fig cake often represents provision and healing in the Bible. Abigail brought fig cakes to David as part of provisions (1 Sam 25:18), it strengthened an Egyptian (1 Sam 30:12), again, David was blessed with fig cakes after a battle (1 Chr 12:40), and the most famous example is in Isaiah, where king Hezekiah’s boil was healed by “a lump of figs” applied (rubbed on) as poultice (Is 38:21; 2 Ki 20:7). Well, it also sounds like related to one of the attributes of the Messiah: provision and healing. I believe, here, the meaning of the name of Gomer’s father alludes to the future, and promised, provision and healing that will be granted Gomer (Israel) by her husband, Hosea (Messiah).
Hosea 1:4 – Then the LORD said to him: “Call his name Jezreel, For in a little while I will avenge the bloodshed of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, And bring an end to the kingdom of the house of Israel.
First child was born, a male child, and he was named Jezreel יִזְרְעֶאל <H3157> “jezre-el,” meaning, “God sows.” The prophetic meaning of this name will be clearer as two more children of Hosea and Gomer are introduced. So, for now, please know that “God sowed” seed, as you usually sow “seed.” Correct?
And, “the bloodshed of Jezreel” YHVH will avenge is referring to the historical account where Jehu, the 10th king of Israel, conspired against then king of Judah, Joram, son of Jehoshaphat, and killed him in the Valley of Jezreel (2 Ki 9;14-28). YHVH is saying that He will avenge the blood of Joram and “bring an end to the Kingdom of the House of Israel.” Well, that is not the only reason, but it is part of the historical reason. As you will see later, this Vally of Jezreel has such a deep prophetic meaning for the House of Israel, as well as all Israel in the Last Days.
And, why is Israel called the House of Jehu in this verse? This is one of the reasons I believe this Word of YHVH came to Hosea during the reign of Jeroboam II, as I said in the commentary on Vs. 1. Jeroboam II was the 4th generation (great, great grandson) from Jehu, who was an instrument of YHVH in executing the judgment on Ahab and Jezebel, and at that time, He promised Jehu of four generational reign of the Northern Kingdom (2 Ki 10:30).
Hosea 1:5 – It shall come to pass in that day That I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.“
This verse is talking about the day Israel, and her people, will be destroyed and exiled. The term, “break the bow,” usually used in the Bible as “taking away the power” and “rendering someone powerless.” And, as it often occurs in the Bible, the term, “Valley of Jezreel,” in this verse is used in two prophetic different meanings: One is for near future and the other far. The near future, of course, means when the Assyrians would come and destroy the kingdom and take away the people of the Ten Tribes. The battle involved the Valley of Jezreel, and that was where Jehu killed king Joram. And, the future prophetic meaning also involves the people of the House of Israel who would be “sown” in to the Gentile world, which is the “Valley” (difficult place and season), like the seed, when the kingdom is sieged and they are taken captive. We could say that “Jezreel” is used as a “title” for the House of Israel after her exile. This is where the meaning of the name Jezreel comes into play.
Also, in the Bible, “valley” נַחַל <H5158>, “nachal,”meaning “a valley with a stream or torrent,” usually implies a hard and lowly place of testing and trial. in the affliction of Jezreel, where God sowed people of the Ten Tribes in the Gentile world, where they will be tested and tried in the valley, being broken and refined. However, being in a valley is not all that negative in YHVH’s mind. The root world of נַחַל is נָחַל <H5157>, a verb, also pronounced “nachal,” and means, “to take possession” or “inherit.” It seems to imply that you would have to go through some valleys, but then, you will possess the inheritance at the end. And, that is exactly has happened to the people of the House of Israel since the exile. They have been sown into the world and gone through the valleys in the world. But, be of good cheer, Israel! As the root word of valley implies, this has been all for the final possession of the inheritance.
For His anger is but for a moment, His favor is for life; Weeping may endure for a night, But joy comes in the morning.
Indeed . . .
But, I have been pondering . . . When a prophetic passage contains a phrase, “It shall come to pass in that day . . ,” it means the passage is talking particularly about the Last Days, and often about the days of Wrath. This means that there is probably more specific prophetic meaning for the Last Days to this verse. The fact that Megiddo is located at the southern end of the Valley of Jezreel, and that Jezreel is often considered reciprocal to the Valley of Megiddo, where the last war, Armageddon, is said to take place, also calls for more study on this thread. This will be an interesting future project of mine.
Hosea 1:6 – And she conceived again and bore a daughter. Then God said to him: “Call her name Lo-Ruhamah, For I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, But I will utterly take them away.
The second child was born, a female child, Lo-Ruhamah לֹא רֻחָמָה <H3819>, “lo-ruchamah,” meaning “no-mercy.” I would not name my daughter with this name, I tell you. But, Hosea did in obedience. That is the life of a Prophet of God. YHVH has had it, the sin of Israel has reached the limit, and He is saying that He has no mercy for the people of the Northern Kingdom at this point. Israel is in a bad place, and He is even saying that He will “utterly take them away.” That is exile, and it would be for a very long time. Actually, it has been about 2700 years so far.
Still, the House of Israel refused to listen.
Hosea 1:7 – Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah, Will save them by the LORD their God, And will not save them by bow, Nor by sword or battle, By horses or horsemen.”
YHVH had a different plan for the House of Judah. Here is a verse that has about 200 years of history neatly packed in. Later in the book, He will also chastise and exile Judah for their idolatry and pride (Ho 8:14; 12:2), but “yet I will have mercy on Judah,” by saving (delivering) them from the exile without any force. The main purpose for this is, of course, for the First Coming of the Messiah, His Son. The ancestors of Mary, to be mother of the Messiah, and her future husband, Joseph must return to the land of Israel. This peaceful return in cooperation with Cyrus, king of Persia, is what “not . . . by bow, nor by sword, by horses or horsemen” means, and as we all know, it would come to pass as Judah was released from captivity in 583 BC by the edict of Cyrus (2 Chr 36:23; Ezr 1:1-4), king of Persia. Their exile was relatively “near” in Babylon, and later Persia, as opposed to the House of Israel who were dispersed far away.
But, in 70 AD, Judah would be again exiled, and at this time, “sown” in to the world just as Israel was, after the First Coming of our Messiah. According to the Gospels, it was because they did not recognize their own Messiah and caused Him to be crucified. But, as always, our Father had His own plan for the future.
Now, Israel and Judah, both have been sown into the world.
Hosea 1:8-9 – (8) Now when she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, she conceived and bore a son. (9) Then God said: “Call his name Lo-Ammi, For you are not My people, And I will not be your God.
And, when the second child, Lo-Ruhamah, was weaned, meaning there were some time in between but not too much, the third child, a male child, was born, and called, Lo-Ammi לֹא עּמִּי <H3818>, “lo-ammi,” meaning, “not-my people.”
Oh, No . . . Now, not only He had no mercy (Lo-Ruhamah) on Israel, but He is also saying that they are not His people (Lo-Ammi) any more. And, there would not be much time between. It looks grim for the House of Israel.
Now, this is a good timing to review all the names of Hosea’s children.
Vs. 4: Jezreel יִזְרְעֶאל = “God sows” and will utterly take them away.
Vs. 6: Lo-Ruhamah לֹא רֻחָמָה = I will have “no mercy” on the House of Israel.
Vs. 9: Lo-Ammi לֹא עּמִּי = You are “not My people,” I will not be your God.
So, as the House of Israel continued to be rebellious, causing Him to say to them that He had “no mercy” for them and they were “not My people” any more, the plan of YHVH was to “sow” His people in the earth. For what purpose? The answer to this question will be answered as we move on to the rest of the chapter.
But, you must have wondered about their mother’s name, Gomer, meaning, “complete.” I intentionally did not explain the background for her name, because it will make much better sense later. However, some of you might be guessing correctly. Yes, as we learned earlier, Gomer represents “us,” the Lost Sheep of Israel. It is good news for us that she has such a name, “Ms. Complete.” That means that her name is prophetically “declaring” that we will be “complete” in the end, as her name implies. That is an awesome promise!
And, now, at this moment, we are still in the process of being completed, and I believe that, at the end of the Millennium, we will be truly “complete” as the Bride of the Messiah. It will not be at the beginning of the Millennium according to my understanding. The Bible clearly says, mainly in the Book of Revelation, that when New Jerusalem (His Bride) descends upon the earth, and inhabitants of New Jerusalem will be the complete ones. I will discuss it more in detail in Part 7, the final part of my series, “Why Yeshua had To Die.”
Summary of Verses 1 to 9
Here is the passage in one block for a review:
(1) The word of the LORD that came to Hosea the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel. (2) When the LORD began to speak by Hosea, the LORD said to Hosea:
“Go, take yourself a wife of harlotry And children of harlotry, For the land has committed great harlotry By departing from the LORD.”
(3) So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son. (4) Then the LORD said to him:
“Call his name Jezreel, For in a little while I will avenge the bloodshed of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, And bring an end to the kingdom of the house of Israel. (5) It shall come to pass in that day That I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.”
(6) And she conceived again and bore a daughter. Then God said to him:
“Call her name Lo-Ruhamah, For I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, But I will utterly take them away. (7) Yet I will have mercy on the house of Judah, Will save them by the LORD their God, And will not save them by bow, Nor by sword or battle, By horses or horsemen.”
(8) Now when she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, she conceived and bore a son. (9) Then God said:
The Word of YHVH came to His Prophet Hosea during the reign of Jeroboam II, son of Joash, the 14th king of Israel, who is the 4th generation from Jehu. It was a command for the Hosea to live out a prophetic life in his own life, his wife’s life, and in the lives of their children; and their lives represented YHVH’s messages to the House of Israel. And, as commanded, Hosea (salvation), son of Beeri (my well) prophetically representing the Messiah, who is the “Well of the Living Water,” went out and took a harlot wife Gomer (complete), as his wife, just as the Messiah married on Mount Sinai the Children of Israel, who was a harlot, worshipping Egyptian sun god at that time. YHVH further commanded Hosea to name his children with His prophetic messages to the House of Israel, who was turning away from their God YHVH by committing relentless idolatry (harlotry), with warnings, which were the following:
“I will sow you (Jezreel), My people, into the Gentile World, by destroying your kingdom and exiling you (break your bow), I will not have mercy on you any longer (Lo-Ruhamah), and soon, you will no longer be My people (Lo-Ammi), and I will not be your God. I will also avenge the bloodshed of My servant Joram, king of Judah, who was killed by Jehu in the Valley of Jezreel ( –> came to pass in 724-722 BC, by the hand of the Assyrians, and the Ten Tribes were exiled). And, you will go through a valley with torrent, which is the world, being tried and tested. However, it will be for your refining and ultimately for the possession of the inheritance ( –> came to pass, on going, and will not be completed until the Second Coming). Yet, I will have mercy on the House of Judah, although she will be also eventually exiled for her sin. But I will deliver them without force, men or horses.. (–> came to pass after the Babylonian exile beginning from 605 until 538 BC, when they began returning at the edict of Cyrus, king of Persia)
And, sadly, only about 30 + years later, the Kingdom of Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians, and most of the people of the Ten Tribes were taken captive to the “Land of Pain” (‘Chalach’ חֲלַח <H2477>) beyond the River of “Cutting Off” (‘Gozan’ גּוֹזָן <H1470>). The whole story can be read in 2 Kings 17:1-23, and also in Part 2 – History of Division.
Then, (are you with me?), the prophetic Time Machine will take you 2700 and more years forward, going quickly through the present time in Vs.10, to the beginning of the Millennium in Vs. 11. I hope your seatbelt is fastened.
That is the time gap between Vs. 9 and 10, believe it or not. This is one of the things we would like to be flexible about when we study biblical prophecies. The spiritual time warps in prophecies, and they can only be understood in the canonical context, which means, in the context of “the whole story of the Bible.” They are multi-dimensional also. We need to be able to “see” the structure of the passage, chapter, Book, and the whole Bible in more than two dimensions, and also more than in a simple linear timeline. And, it could often be “near” and “far” futures at the same time, just as we learned in Vs. 5. But, it is not as supernatural as it sounds, I promise you. Once you become accustom to doing this, lots more passages will come alive in your study. The Books of the Prophets in my Bible are all marked up with a color coding system to indicate different time period the particular passage may be talking about. For example, prophecies about the First Coming, Second Coming, Last Days, Wrath of God, and the Millennium, etc. etc. … You may want to consider trying this method, if you have not. It is also kind of fun.
I threw in a quick tip I have learned on prophecy study . . , but now, moving on . . .
So, we have a good understanding up to Vs. 9. And, after Chapter 2, more prophecies will fill in the gap and adds more details to the outlined version of the whole story in Chapter 1. That seems to be roughly the structure of the Book of Hosea.
Accordingly, I will change the format slightly and refer to some of the key prophetic passages from the rest of the book, and from other books, that are relevant in the process of commenting on Verses 10 and 11. There is 2700 years of gap to fill, and much has happened and much more is still happening.
Verses 10 to 11
Hosea 1:10 – “Yet the number of the children of Israel Shall be as the sand of the sea, Which cannot be measured or numbered. And it shall come to pass In the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ There it shall be said to them, ‘You are sons of the living God.’
So, in the previous section, the people of the House of Israel was “sown” by YHVH into the world, by the hand of the Assyrians, and they are “cut off.” It also means that the House of Israel was given “the certificate of divorce.” Hosea 2:2-3, also Jeremiah 3:8, describe what happened.
(2) “Bring charges against your mother, bring charges; For she is not My wife, nor am I her Husband! Let her put away her harlotries from her sight, And her adulteries from between her breasts; (3) Lest I strip her naked And expose her, as in the day she was born, And make her like a wilderness, And set her like a dry land, And slay her with thirst.
“Then I saw that for all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear, but went and played the harlot also.
Idolatry has always been the worst offense against YHVH our God, and that is why it is the first of the Ten Commandments.
“You shall have no other gods before Me.
But, His love for us is everlasting, and His mercy endures forever. He had a plan for the House of Israel, now the Lost Sheep, from the beginning, from before the foundation of the earth. We will see what His plan was and is for the future.
This “as the sand of the sea” phrase in Hosea 1:10 appears many times through out the Old Testament (Gen 32:12; 41:49; Is 10:22; Jer 33:22; and Ho 1:10), and it refers to the Children of Israel every time, except in Job 6:3 (it may be, but not clear). It means that we would be too numerable to count or measure. It also appears twice in Revelation, but in these cases, it becomes slightly more complicated with the end-time twist. So, let us consider the prophetic meaning in the Old Testament alone for the purpose of this article.
Fast-forward from 722 BC, when we have grown to be as many “as the sand of the sea” in the entire world, as we are now, we will be called “You are sons of the living God,” despite the fact that we were once called “not My people.” This is the only place where this title for His people, “sons of living God,” is used in the Old Testament. People of YHVH reading this phrase, for thousands of years, must have been vexed trying to figure out what it meant. Until our Messiah came, died, and resurrected, it was a complete mystery.
The term, “sons of living God,” means being born again, and it is the beginning of the process of becoming “complete” (Gomer). Only other Person who as called a “Son of the living God” in the Bible is our Messiah (Matt 16:16; 26:63; Jn 6:69), the “Son of the living God,” and when we receive His Spirit in our spirit, and walk in His Spirit (crucial point), we are called “sons of God” (Rom 8:14-16). And, when we realize that we belong to YHVH and confess our repentance and acceptance of our Messiah’s proposal to be His wife again, we are back in the Covenant. But, this time, it is a New and Better Covenant (Heb 7:2; 8:6) in Him, who is the perfect Mediator and High Priest for us.
Furthermore, this process of the House of Israel becoming “not My people” and returning to be “My people” is also reiterated in Hosea 2:23 with His intention to “sow” them in the earth clearly mentioned.
Then I will sow her for Myself in the earth, And I will have mercy on her who had not obtained mercy; Then I will say to those who were not My people, ‘You are My people!’ And they shall say, ‘You are my God!’ “
This process means that, as the House of Israel was divorced by their God YHVH, they were cut off from the Covenant, but, Chapter 1 Verses 9 and 10 say that “Somehow” they will be granted the privilege of being His people again, being in a New Covenant.
And, the “Somehow” was Yeshua our Messiah!
When the House of Israel became “not My people,” it meant that they became Gentiles, which was to be “out of covenant.” As I extensively wrote on the history and meanings of this entire process in Part 2, 3, and 4 of my 7-part series, the people of the House of Israel were literally swallowed up in the vast Gentile world after they were exiled.
Israel is swallowed up; Now they are among the Gentiles Like a vessel in which is no pleasure.
They became wanderers among the nations (גּוֹיִם ‘goym‘ <H1471> also means ‘Gentiles’).
My God will cast them away, Because they did not obey Him; And they shall be wanderers among the nations.
But He came for us, and only for us.
But He answered and said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
He came to harvest us, the wheat ready for harvest (Jn 4:35), and marry us again, His refined and purified Bride. Our ancestors were sown in the earth for His purpose. And our Father sent His Son to gather and redeem us back, and it will be completed after about 3700 years (2700 years up to now and the Millennium) of tests and trials. Many generations have gone through this test and trial period of 6000 years since Adam was created, with His elects in every generation. But, as you can see, the Bible tells us this last 2700 + years has been a special time, especially the last 2000 years. No other generation before that was treated so specially in the Bible. We are the younger generation prophetically represented by the younger generation of the Children of Israel in the wilderness who crossed the Jordan and possessed the land, being led by Joshua, whose name is Yehoshua. But, our Yehoshua, the Messiah is Everything. He is the Lamb of God, Kinsman Redeemer, Loving Husband, High Priest, King of Kings, Lord of Lord, and our Prince of Peace, with whom we will have the Sabbath rest in the 7th millennium.
There is much more regarding this process in the rest of the Book of Hosea. I am having a hard time not getting into “the rest.” But, I will just touch on the most important and relevant verses, and defer the rest to another opportunity.
Now, Gomer, being divorced for her continual harlotry, goes astray from Hosea after having children, and lives a desolate life (Ho 2:2-13). This represents the fact that Children of Israel broke the Covenant (marriage contract) and kept committing adultery (harlotry) by worshiping Baal and Ashtoreth, and was divorced by her God YHVH, and had to live a desolate life in the Gentile world. But, YHVH tells Hosea to go and redeem his wife, just as He told HIs Son to go and redeem us, His people, even when we are still living in sin of idolatry (Rom 5:8). We are Gomer (complete), except, still in making.
This Good News is prophesied in Chapter 3.
Then the LORD said to me, “Go again, love a woman who is loved by a lover and is committing adultery, just like the love of the LORD for the children of Israel, who look to other gods and love the raisin cakes of the pagans.” (2) So I bought her for myself for fifteen shekels of silver, and one and one-half homers of barley.
Hosea (Messiah) was commanded by YHVH (the Father), to “Go again” and “love” an unfaithful woman, Gomer (us, the House of Israel) who was still deep in sin. And, he would redeem (buy back) his divorced wife who went astray with “silver” and “barley.”
She needed to be redeemed from slavery because she, the House of Israel, sold herself for her iniquities. Did you know that we are commodities bought and sold in this world?
Thus says the LORD: “Where is the certificate of your mother’s divorce, Whom I have put away? Or which of My creditors is it to whom I have sold you? For your iniquities you have sold yourselves, And for your transgressions your mother has been put away.
For thus says the LORD: “You have sold yourselves for nothing, And you shall be redeemed without money.”
And, who was sold for 30 pieces of silverand gave up His body (barleybread) to be beaten and broken to death, as the payment for the redemption of His Bride, without money? He paid for us giving up His Divine Glory and precious Life, and shedding His Blood to cleanse us of sin.
Who else, but our Messiah Yeshua!?
Oh, all the praise and thanks be unto Him who was slain! Because He died and rose again, He would be able to marry us again (“Messiah’s Marriage and Divorce“), and we could be His people forever this time. So, please, do not sell yourself again to slavery by committing the sin of idolatry.
On the Side Note: I would like to make sure you notice the Command of the Father, “Go again.” This is profoundly important, because from this word, we are able to discern that it was clearly a marriage between the Son and the Children of Israel at Mount Sinai. And Yeshua our Messiah came already as our former Husband to marry us again. And, it is not that He came just randomly to save “whosoever” happen to realize there was a God, as we have been traditionally taught. It is, however, true that “whosoever” can be saved if one has the faith and is repentant, as it has always been from the beginning, becoming a child of YHVH according to His everlasting and immeasurable mercy and love. What I am saying is that Yeshua was sent on a particular mission “zeroing in” on us, the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel.
Remember the parable of the Treasure in the Field:
“Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid; and for joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.
He gave up everything, and gave His life, and bought the whole world (the field) so that He can retrieve His Bride (treasure) who had been sown (a man found and hid) in the field and grown pure and white. The treasure is “us,” YOU, the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. You are so loved, my brethren.
The 2000 Year Interval:
This was made possible about 2000 years ago as we all know. I would like to mention a few things about this as some teachers, especially of the amillennialistic orientation, deny this 2000 year interval, calling them a “gap theory.” It is often related to Daniel’s Last Week (Dan 9:24-27), because the dispensationalists, which is a heresy, espouse this prophetic understanding that there is a gap between the 69th Week, that was when the Messiah came, and the 70th and Last Week (Dan 9:27). Amillennialists do not believe in the Last Week during which the Great Tribulation (last 3.5 years) will occur and the Second Coming of the Messiah thereafter to reign on earth for a thousand years, but believe that the Messiah’s thousand year reign is spiritual in nature, and not literal.
But, not all what the dispensationalists believe are incorrect. They just use the information in a wrong way and say the “2000 years” was the church age and she would be raptured before the Last Week of Daniel 9:27 (Pre-Tribulation Rapture Theory), and the time of the Jews will come. It is very convenient for the Jew-centric Zionist agenda. The Rapture will not happen before the Last Week, which I will discuss in Part 6 – Chapter 2, but the 2000 years of interval between 69th Week and the 70th Week was prophesied in at least 3 places that I can present with confidence. (Please also read “The Last Week of Daniel 9:27: Beginning in 2017?“)
1. At the time of the first marriage at Mount Sinai, the Children of Israel was commanded to consecrate for 2 days, and 1 day is a thousand years and vice versa in the Bible (2 Pet 3:8; Ps 90:4). Also, the return of YHVH the Son “on the third day” after 2 days is unequivocally prophesied here. (Please also read a “Marriage” section from Part 4)
(10) Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes. (11) “And let them be ready for the third day. For on the third day the LORD will come down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people*.
* “All the tribe … will see” (Mat 24:30) and “every eye will see” (Rev 1:7) the Second Coming of the Son of Man.
2. When Yeshua went out of His way to Samaria in John 4 and spoke to a Samaritan woman, who represents the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel, He stayed there for 2 days. And, it is mentioned twice, emphasizing the importance. (Please also read the section “The Samaritan Woman” of Part 3)
John 4:40, 43
(40) So when the Samaritans had come to Him, they urged Him to stay with them; and He stayed there two days. … (43) Now after the two days He departed from there and went to Galilee.
3. And, there is one in Hosea, with a hint for the resurrection.
After two days He will revive us; On the third day He will raise us up*, That we may live in His sight.
*A hint of the resurrection.
And, in addition, there is this verse also in Hosea. Immediately after he redeemed his wife, Gomer, with silver and barly, Hosea said to his wife the following:
And I said to her, “You shall stay with me many days; you shall not play the harlot, nor shall you have a man–so, too, will I be toward you.”
This is the same as the conseration period, which was prophesied as “consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes” in Exodus 19:10-11, is it not? In the Bible, white and clean garment represents a sinlessness and righteous state.
Well, brethren, that means that we should not be playing harlot, and must come out of all kinds of deceptions NOW. It may be either paganized Christianity (such as celebrating Easter and Christmas), Catholicism (paganism and Kabbalah), Messianic Jewish Movement (Judaizing; Part 6 -Chapter 1; Deception of Messianic Jewish Movement), or New Age deceptions and many more. No matter what the form of occult may be, the baseline is Kabbalah, the mother of Satanism, and the “Mother of Harlots” (Rev 17:5). Being involved in any of these in any form is harlotry. We must pray and ask our Father for any thing we may need to repent of, and please do.
This is the most important preparatioin as the Bride of Messiah (Part 6).
Hosea 1:11 – Then the children of Judah and the children of Israel Shall be gathered together, And appoint for themselves one head; And they shall come up out of the land, For great will be the day of Jezreel!
We are approaching the “finale.”
Vs. 11 describes the climax of the Last Days, when the House of Judah and House of Israel are reunited, and the reborn and regenerate Nation of Israel is restored, just as the “2 sticks” will be reconnected (Ez 37:15-28) and form the Olive Tree that is “rooted” in the Messiah (Rom 11:17-27). The phrase, they will “appoint for themselves one head,” in Hosea 1:11 is described as “one king shall be king over them all” in Ezekiel 37:22, and the king is named “David My servant,” which is the Son of David, our Messiah, in Ezekiel 37:24. And, they will never be divided for eternal. (Please read Part 5: “One New Man” for more complete discussion)
And, Vs. 11 also describes another event, which is connected by a semi-colon with the previous clause. That means they are not sequential or causative, but are happening about the same period of time. They are also treated as 2 events of equal importance in a way, and are related. And this second event is “they shall come up out of the land,” and this seems to be a “great” event, according to the explanation that follows.
Then, what is so great about them coming out of the land?
Well, if you translate the original Hebrew word for “land” אֶרֶץ <H776>, “eretz,” using other options of words, it will make a lot better sense. For example, “earth,” and how about “ground?” It is the same word that is in Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning … heaven and earth.”
Then, it can be translated as “they shall come out of the earth/ground.”
Wow … Do you see it? … It is a picture of resurrection!
It would certainly be a great day to me, and It surely sounds like a great day to YHVH our Father. He calls it “the day of Jezreel(whom God sowed),” the day on which He will harvest the fruit of the seed He sowed over 2700 years ago, all at once! And, as we all know from 1 Thessalonians 4:16, a famous Rapture account, that the Rapture of the living saints will follow immediately after the resurrection of the dead.
We can discern from the passage that the reuniting of the Houses of Judah and Israel and the probable Rapture event will happen within a relatively short time span, but cannot tell which is first or how soon after of the other event. For such estimation, we would need to consider many other factors from other accounts and passages on the similar time period. And, the time period seems to be at the end of the Last Week, based on its relation to Ezekiel 37, and also based on the canonical understanding that the reuniting of the both houses will not be complete until the Second Coming of our Messiah.
Summary of Verses 10 to 11
To recap the previous section, I am including Vs. 9, and here is the last part of Hosea Chapter 1.
(9) Then God said:
“Call his name Lo-Ammi, For you are not My people, And I will not be your God.
(10) “Yet the number of the children of Israel Shall be as the sand of the sea, Which cannot be measured or numbered. And it shall come to pass In the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ There it shall be said to them, ‘You are sons of the living God.’
(11) Then the children of Judah and the children of Israel Shall be gathered together, And appoint for themselves one head; And they shall come up out of the land, For great will be the day of Jezreel!
After a great time laps between Vss. 9 and 10, the passage rather abruptly changes the scene from the sad day for the House of Israel, where she was divorced by her Husband, YHVH their God, to the glorious day, which YHVH promises to His people.
And, the promises are: In Vs. 10, I sowed you so that 1) you will be as many “as the sand of the sea” and when you are, 2) you will be My people again; and this time, 3) you will be called “sons of the living God.” And, in Vs. 11, 4) the House of Judah and the House of Israel will be reunited under one King at the end; and 5) My people I sowed will be resurrected and harvested in or after the Last Days.
There you have it … You have the whole story of the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel neatly packed in 11 verses. As you have seen, when Hosea speaks to Gomer, it is the same as YHVH our Savior is talking to us. And, Gomer is a perfect image of us as the House of Israel in this book. Besides, I am overwhelmed by the love of our Father and Son that we are, while still being incomplete, called Gomer, “a complete one,” the perfect Bride of our Husband, Messiah Yeshua. It is because He knows “the end from the beginning” (Is 46:10), and knows that we as the people of YHVH shall overcome “him” who is to come “with the blood of the Lamb and the word of their testimony” (Rev 12:11) and endure until the end, and will be His complete Bride forever more.
Beginning with Chapter 4, the Book of Hosea goes on to detail the charges against the House of Israel, announcement of the judgment upon them, call for repentance, reiteration of YHVH’s plan for the future, His expressions of His everlasting love and mercy for the House of Israel, and more. As I said earlier, it is as if the rest of the book is filling the gap between Vss. 9 and 10 of Chapter 1.
Then, we are not called Gomer any longer, but called the House of Israel, Israel, Ephraim (quite frequently), inhabitants of Samaria (mainly kings and priests), My people, harlot. They all mean “us,” the House of Israel. And, the House of Judah is called Judah.
So, with this understanding and information under the belt, I am sure that you will be able to deepen your understanding of the Book of Hosea even more.
The Book of Hosea is one of my favorite Prophets. It is a short book, but is extremely rich in prophetic values for us to understand the plan of our Father for us. Every time I read it, I learn something new and exciting. I hope this article will help you enjoy this book as much as I do.
Lastly, I have written a sister article to this in order to further our understanding on this plan of our Father. Please read it in relation to this commentary on Hosea 1:
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